- Urbanization in Dubai
The past 30 years brought about significant economic, political and technological changes, which have influenced the structure and the functions of urban areas in United Arab Emirates (UAE). In a span of a decade or so, Dubai undertook a massive engineering projects to create highly urbanized city with modern infrastructure that has never been seen in any place on the Earth.
- Deforestation of Amazon Rain-Forest in Western Brazil
Brazil holds approximately 60% of the Amazon basin, and some 1,583,000 square miles (4,100,000 square km) of this was covered by forests in 1970. The amount of forest cover has declined to some 1,283,000 square miles (3,323,000 square km) by 2016. Which means that more than 80% of the area that had been covered by forests in 1970 has been lost.
- Urbanization in Binhai, China
Binhai “New Area” sits on the Bohai Sea coast, east of Tianjin’s metropolitan City, Binhai covers an area of approximately 3,000 square km (1,200 square miles). Binhai has maintained a steady growth since early 90’s, and by the end of 2010, 285 Fortune Global 500 companies had invested and established branch offices in the Tianjin-Binhai New Area. Motorola, Toyota, Coca-Cola, Pepsi-Cola, LG, the Maersk Group, BHP Billiton Ltd., to name just a few, all operate here.
- Mar Chiquita Lake shrinking, Argentina
Mar Chiquita or Mar de Ansenuza is an endorheic salt lake located in the northeast of the province of Córdoba, in central Argentina. At 45 miles (70km) long and 15 miles (24km) wide, Mar Chiquita is the biggest salt lake in South America and the fifth biggest in the world. This hugely important wetland holds outstanding numbers of migrating and resident waterbirds, including half a million Wilson´s Phalarope Steganopus tricolor. It has been declared an Important Bird & Biodiversity Area (IBA) by BirdLife International, and also designated as a Ramsar Site, a Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve and a Multiple Use Reserve. Unfortunately, the lake is slowly diminishing in volume due to increased evaporation and elevation of its bottom, and is ultimately bound to turn into a salt flat.
- Elephant Butte Reservoir Shrunk, New Mexico
Elephant Butte Reservoir is a concrete gravity dam on the Rio Grande river near Truth or Consequences, New Mexico (USA). Since the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation completed the reservoir in 1916 to supply farmers in southern New Mexico and Texas with water, the reservoir’s levels have fluctuated—from highs in the 1940s to lows in the 1960s, ‘70s, and ‘80s. That’s as a result of diminished flows in the Rio Grande resulting from the continued global rise in temperature.
- Deforestation in South American Atlantic Forest, Paraguay
The Atlantic Forest was once one of the world’s great forests, covering over 100 million ha along the coast of Brazil and into eastern Paraguay and northeast Argentina. Centuries of deforestation have reduced it to a fraction of its original area. Nonetheless, it remains immensely rich in both biodiversity, with over 8,000 endemic species. Over 90 per cent of all amphibians and 50 per cent of all plants here are found nowhere else on Earth. Before Paraguay’s Zero Deforestation Law came into force in December 2004, the South American nation had the second highest deforestation rate in the world.